The diagram below shows how apple juice is produced. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
The diagram illustrates an 11-stage process in which concentrated apple juice is manufactured from the best-harvested apples.
Overall, the best apples pass through eight stages and are converted into apple juice which is filled in bottles and packed to be delivered in the market and stage 8 is very important where the juice is pasteurized to preserve it for a long time.
In the first stage of producing apple juice, apples are harvested from orchards and the best raw apples are selected from them. These apples are received by a belt which takes them to the washing and sorting section. After the apples are sorted, they are grounded into smaller pieces using an apple grinder. In the subsequent stage, the crushed apples are passed into a pressing machine where they are pressed and are converted to the pulp to be used in the very important next stage
Stage 5 being the most important stage separates water from apple concentration, where a centrifuge makes the use of centrifugal force to do this. In the next stage, the aroma is added to the concentration before the filtration stage, followed by the Pasteurization stage where the apple concentration is treated at 80°C temperature to eliminate pathogens and extend shelf life. After that, the concentrated apple juice is bottled and packed in stages 9 and 10and finally, the apple juice bottles sent for the delivery to the markets.